Diabetes, Health, Parenting, T1D, Uncategorized

4 Mothers, 4 Questions (Part 3)

4 Mothers, 4 Questions (Part 3)

hands-63743_1920Summer 2017 is nearing an end and it is time to put pen to paper once more. Today we meet Eline Baumgart-van Buuren, mother of 5, (yes, FIVE :-)) children. The youngest, two beautiful twin daughters, both have coeliac disease and one of them is Diabetic Type 1. Eline shares her story with us today. [Nederlandse versie onderaan]

What is your child’s diagnosis story?

My daughter is an identical twin. She is a happy and exuberant girl. At birth, she was the larger, stronger of the two. Everything went perfectly well until her second year when her appetite reduced tremendously. At that time she also suffered from two ear infections, for which antibiotics were prescribed.

In the mornings, she would eat well and lunch was usually OK too, but by the evening dinner, she had lost all interest. Trying to encourage her with something I knew she liked to eat also didn’t work, it went untouched. Then she began to drink a lot more and to pee so much it overflowed the diaper. She would often ask for more fluids during the night too. She became listless and lacked energy. Despite describing all these symptoms to our health carer, while at the same time watching her weight and growth curve become very slow, we were not given any advice.

One Friday night, borne from our own intuition, we decided to visit the out of hours doctor. They listened to our story and drew blood from our daughter. The results showed an excessive level of glucose and we were referred straight to hospital with a diagnosis of Diabetes Type 1. When our twin daughters turned four, they were also both diagnosed with Coeliac disease.

How did you feel when you heard the diagnosis ‘Type 1 Diabetes’?

When the doctor told me that my daughter had Diabetes Type 1, I didn’t really know anything about it. As my daughter fell asleep hooked up to an intravenous line, I scoured the internet for more information about her diagnosis.

The first thing I read was that there is no cure – that wasn’t a great moment for me: a self-proclaimed control-freak. When I realized that I couldn’t protect my child from this chronic disease I found it very difficult to accept. But even then, I had no idea the impact this disease would have on our lifestyle and activities.

We were quickly buried deep in a mountain of instructions and advice and our entire family life was thrown upside down. There really isn’t any time to assess and deal with your own personal emotions at this time, you just have to focus on being there for your child. That all comes later.

In your opinion, how could improvements be made to the diagnosis process in the future?

In retrospect, I believe the health carer should and could have been more alert to all the signals and symptoms that led us to the diagnosis. If there were any doubts, the health carer should have referred us because they are dealing with very small infants. I also think that taking a quick blood glucose or urine test when these symptoms are described should be standard in health care centers and GP surgeries. I did go back to the health care center after my daughter’s diagnosis, sadly, I was met with a rather lukewarm response. But simple, non-invasive tests like these can not only save time, they can save lives.

I am not sure about the impact of awareness campaigns but I do believe that tackling the issue at the point of contact with the health care system makes sense to ensure faster diagnosis and improved intervention.

If you could share one piece of advice to other (non-T1D) parents around the world, what would it be?

I am a firm believer in parental instinct. A parent knows their own child! If your child shows “abnormal” behavior; is constantly tired; has a symptom that lasts much longer than a “childhood phase”; or even if you suspect something is wrong but you don’t quite know how to put your finger on it then go to your GP straight away. Read up about your concerns and don’t let the symptoms continue too long before seeking professional advice. Often the symptoms will be nothing or very quickly and easily resolved. Too many of us are afraid to ‘waste our GP’s time’ – but I say it is better to waste 5 minutes then discover the diagnosis when your child is in a coma. Be smart and follow your feelings, we were just in time.

Any final words?

My husband and I, we are people who like to read and discover things, but not everyone is. I think it would be really helpful if the Diabetes Nurses were aware of and able to point parents in the direction of support groups, either on Facebook or in the local area. A diagnosis like this can easily become overwhelming for many parents and this is where the Diabetes Nurse can quickly step in and support these parents by connecting them to others in the same situation. At the end of the day, the child’s health is the central point here but building a strong support network around the child is critical and it starts with the parents.

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En nu, in het Nederlands 🙂

What is your child’s diagnosis story?

Mijn dochter is er eentje van een eeneiige tweeling. Ze is een vrolijke en uitbundige meid. Ze was bij de geboorte de vollere, sterkere baby. Alles ging prima maar in haar tweede levensjaar nam haar eetlust sterk af. Ze kreeg in die tijd ook tweemaal achter elkaar een oorontsteking waarvoor zij een antibioticakuur kreeg.

Ze at smorgens goed, bij de lunch ook wel oke, maar liet het avondeten standaard staan, ook al kreeg ze iets lekkers voorgeschoteld. Ze begon meer te drinken en te plassen totdat ze haar luiers steeds voller plastte en ze snachts ook om drinken ging vragen. Ze kon niet lang achter elkaar lopen of zich inspannen. Ondanks dat we deze klachten aangaven bij ons bezoek aan het consultatiebureau en ze daar in de groeicurve een flinke daling in haar gewicht zagen, kregen we geen advies.

Op een vrijdagavond zijn we vanwege het gevoel dat er echt iets mis was bij de dokterspost beland. Daar werd haar bloed geprikt en konden we in het ziekenhuis blijven vanwege een veel te hoge bloedglucose.

(vanaf haar vierde jaar werd ook de diagnose coeliakie bij haar gesteld)

How did you feel when you heard the diagnosis ‘Type 1 Diabetes’?

Toen de arts me vertelde dat mijn dochter diabetes type 1 had wist ik nog vrijwel niets over deze ziekte. Terwijl mijn dochter aan het infuus in slaap was gevallen, zocht ik de diagnose op op internet.

Het eerste wat ik las was dat het nooit meer over zou gaan, daar schrok ik flink van!
Zelf ben ik een controlfreak en het besef dat je je kind niet kunt behoeden voor deze levenslange ziekte is dan niet te accepteren. Toen wist ik nog niet wat voor leefstijl en handelingen deze ziekte met zich mee zou brengen….

We kwamen in de molen van instructies terecht en ons (gezins)leven stond op zijn kop. Er is nauwelijks tijd/ruimte om met je emoties bezig te zijn, je moet er zijn voor je kind.

In your opinion, how could improvements be made to the diagnosis process in the future?

Achteraf gezien ben ik van mening dat er scherper had moeten worden gehandeld vanuit het consultatiebureau met zoveel signalen en bij twijfel moet een kind doorverwezen worden, omdat het gevaarlijk is om een beslissing op basis van signalen alleen bij de ouders te laten liggen. Ook denk ik dat het meten van de bloedglucose bij deze signalen een standaard handeling zou moeten zijn. Ik heb na de diagnose nog contact gezocht met het consultatiebureau en ze geinformeerd, er werd helaas wat lauw gereageerd.

Ook bij de huisarts zal het meten van de bloedglucose bij signalen een standaard handeling moeten zijn.

Het lijkt me niet zinvol om door middel van campagnes en dergelijke bewustzijn over de ziekte te creeeren bij de gehele bevolking, maar zeker wel binnen de gezondheidszorg, zodat er veel eerder correct kan worden gehandeld en ingegrepen!

If you could share one piece of advice to other (non T1D) parents around the world, what would it be?

Ik geloof in een ouderinstinct. Een ouder kent zijn of haar kind!

Indien je kind “afwijkend” gedrag vertoont, constant moe is, iets heeft wat veel langer aanhoudt dan een “fase” periode, ongelukkig is enz of jij vermoed als ouder dat er iets niet klopt, ga ermee naar de huisarts en lees erover. Laat je niet een tweede keer wegsturen als de signalen aanhouden.

Vaak is het oplosbaar of gaat het weer over. Wij zijn nuchter, hebben alles een tijdje aangekeken en waren in ons geval ook net op tijd. Volg je gevoel!

Any final words?

Wij zijn mensen die dingen gaan lezen, uitzoeken, achterhalen, echter is niet iedereen daar toe in staat.

Ik denk dat het heel zinvol zou zijn als ouders bij de diabetesverpleegkundige ook worden gewezen op het bestaan van groepen waarin veel informatie wordt gedeeld zoals facebookgroepen voor diabetes en groepen over voeding.

Als de diabetesverpleegkundige merkt dat de betreffende ouders hulp kunnen gebruiken omdat de materie ze boven de pet stijgt, dan moet daar doeltreffend op worden gereageerd in het belang van het kind. Immers ligt de gezondheid van het kind op de lange termijn eerst in de handen van de ouders.

Diabetes, Education, Health, Parenting, T1D

4 Mothers, 4 Questions (Part 2)

4 Mothers, 4 Questions (Part 2)

Continuing this 4 part series, today we meet Jenni Cipriani, a full-time mother (a.k.a. Superhero Jack of all Trades) from Thornbury, near Bristol in the UK. She shares the story of when her son, Bradley, was diagnosed with Diabetes mellitus Type 1 at just 14 months old and what we can do to improve the current diagnosis process.

Jenni&Bradley
Jenni and Bradley

What is your child’s diagnosis story?

It was 18th September 2010, when Bradley was diagnosed with Type 1 Diabetes. He was just 14 months old. Leading up to that day, I had noticed that Bradley was losing weight, sleeping in longer in the mornings and suddenly napping during the day for hours (when he wouldn’t normally nap at all). He was raiding the cupboards for food straight after I had fed him but he wasn’t gaining any weight at all, he was also very constipated. Looking back, I know now that the most obvious sign was how much he was drinking, he would gulp down beakers and beakers of water. In the mornings he would wake up absolutely drenched in his own urine; his nappy full to the brim and his pyjamas soaking wet. At the time, it was very easy to find an explanation for everything: he’s tired because he has just learnt to walk, he’s hungry and thirsty because he is more active and that must be why he is losing weight, his nappies are wet through because of his increased thirst etc.

But on the morning of 18th September 2010, Bradley’s health deteriorated. His breathing had become very laboured, he was drifting in and out of consciousness and he had a sweet smell to his breath. My Dad and I couldn’t wait any longer for the call back from our GP so we took Bradley directly to our local A&E department at the hospital. There we explained his symptoms and sat down to wait, but within 5 minutes someone came to get us. Bradley was ushered into a room where they tested his blood glucose levels straight away. The results came back: 29 mmol/L (a non-diabetic person is between 4.0 to 6.0 mmol/L), and that was when they told us he was a Type 1 Diabetic. Subsequent testing discovered that his ketone level test was around 7 mmol/L, whereas a normal person will be under 0.6 mmol/L (above 3.0 mmol/L is ‘a dangerous level of ketones which will require immediate medical care’). At which point we were rushed to Bristol Children’s Hospital in an ambulance where we stayed for 4 nights.

Bradley_diagnosis (1) copy

How did you feel when you heard the diagnosis ‘type 1 diabetes’?

I am embarrassed to say that I was relieved upon hearing he had T1D. Not because it was a good thing, but because I had no idea what it entailed and I was just relieved I had an answer as to why he was so poorly. I remember a couple of children (back when I was in school myself) who were T1D but all I really saw was that they carried extra food like biscuits. I also knew they had injections but to what extent, I was clueless. Once we got to Bristol Children’s Hospital and the doctors and nurses started talking to me in detail about Diabetes mellitus Type 1 (T1D) it was then that it really hit home, and it hit me very hard. I could not believe that this was going to be my son’s life from now on. I struggled to accept he would need 4 or more injections a day, bi-hourly blood glucose testing or an emergency box kit in our fridge door containing glucagon just in case he fell unconscious from a hypo. All I wanted to do was wake up from this nightmare, but that couldn’t happen, this was our new reality, this was his life now. Instead, I put my fears aside and tried to take it all in; I listened in great detail to everything the doctors and the diabetes specialist nurses told me. When they asked if I wanted to try and do the first injection I said ‘yes’ and just got on with it for the sake of my son, I knew I needed to be strong for him.

In your opinion, how could improvements be made to the diagnosis process in future?

Whilst some parents end up visiting a GP before the symptoms deteriorate, many don’t. This is largely because the symptoms come and go over a fairly long period of time, and they don’t all present themselves together until right at the critical point. So, like many other parents, I did not have any contact with a GP about Bradley or my concerns until the day we ended up in A&E. That means the actual diagnosis process for us was very quick. That said, the A&E nurse knew to take a blood glucose test immediately and I do think that more routine tests in GP’s when children present with at least one of the ‘4 T Symptoms’ (tired, toilet, thirst and thinner) would be an ideal way to stop misdiagnosis and catch it earlier and thus not once the person is in Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA).

Bradley
Bradley (2017)

If you could share one piece of advice to other parents around the world, what would it be?

Make yourself aware of the symptoms of TD1, the 4 T’s (tired, toilet, thirst and thinner). If I had known these then I would have taken Bradley to the doctors a lot sooner. He had slowly been losing weight over a period of about 2 months and he would not have been as poorly as he was at diagnosis. It was heart breaking for me to see him so ill and if I could have prevented that by knowing the symptoms then I would have. Nowadays, it’s something that I try and make people aware of in my network.

#weneedacure

Diabetes, Education, Health, Parenting, T1D

4 Mothers, 4 Questions (Part 1)

4 Mothers, 4 Questions (Part 1)

On July 11th 2017, BBC Wales published the story of Peter Baldwin, a 13 year old boy who tragically died before his condition, Type 1 Diabetes, could be diagnosed. He didn’t live in a third world country where there is a lack of access to adequate healthcare and resources. He lived in Wales, where a publicly funded healthcare system operates and yet still, his condition (which according to the WHO affects over 420 million people globally), went undiagnosed. That such a common and well researched disease can still go undetected in the UK should astonish and terrify us all. The story of Peter Baldwin has inspired me to talk to other mothers of diabetic children and ask them their diagnosis story and what, in their opinion, could be done to improve the current situation.

anwen_olivia
Anwen and Olivia

Olivia Owen is a Community Staff Nurse in Merthyr Tydfil, South Wales, today she bravely shares her story with you.

What is your child’s diagnosis story?

“My daughter Anwen, always was and still is, a very active, vivacious, chatty, bright and energetic child with an adventurous and fearless spirit. Shortly after Christmas 2015, Anwen (aged 9), was briefly unwell with a viral throat infection. She fought it off with her usual vigour but from then onwards, she became more frequently fatigued and listless. At the time I put this down to various things: busy weeks at school or not going to bed early enough (iPad related) which of course you do as a Mother. In February 2016, I took her to see our GP; Anwen was complaining of abdominal pain and pain when going to the toilet. At this point, I should mention that the GP carried out a urinalysis and found that Anwen had a urine infection (which I suspected). I didn’t, for a second, consider diabetes; so I didn’t question whether or not the urinalysis was positive for glucose or ketones. I assumed if it had been, the GP would have noticed. But I often think maybe she didn’t look for it and maybe the events of the following month would have been prevented if she had. Anwen completed a course of antibiotics though continued to be frequently fatigued and out of sorts.

“Following Anwen’s birthday in early March 2016, I noticed that she had become even more tired and listless and had a bit of a head cold which we treated as normal with paracetamol and fluids. On 10th March 2016, Anwen had some friends to sleepover as a birthday treat. Of course we pulled out all the stops: pizza, sweets, crisps, a chocolate fountain and a birthday cake. All was well until the early hours of the morning when Anwen was really nauseous and complaining of stomach pain….I blamed it on all the junk she had eaten…little did I realise.

“The next morning I went to work as normal, leaving Anwen with her Dad. I should say at this stage that I am a nurse and was at the time working on a busy acute surgical ward. While reflecting on the events of the night before, a colleague mentioned in passing “she’s not diabetic is she?”, to which I actually chuckled. As the day went on though, the thought of diabetes stayed with me but I kept talking myself out of it. When I got home that evening I went to my Mother-in-Law’s house to pick Anwen up. And there she was, she had just come out of the bath and was wearing an oversized t-shirt, the image still upsets me today because she was so pale with sunken eyes and she looked so thin. I knew…I could have cried there and then.

anwen_bed
Anwen in hospital

“We made a plan. My husband would take her to the GP first thing in the morning with our concerns and I would take a urine sample to work with me to test. That night Anwen woke up about four times to ask for water and was passing urine very frequently. I knew. The next day, her urinalysis was positive for ketones, glucose and acidosis. I passed this information on to our GP and Anwen was admitted immediately to hospital for treatment and Type 1 Diabetes was also confirmed. Anwen had a 24 hour stay in hospital to rectify her pH levels which only rebalanced after approximately 10-12 hours of IV fluids and insulin. Our very brave girl gave herself her first insulin injection with very little drama and fuss the following morning thanks to the excellent support from her Diabetes Specialist Nurse. I must say from the moment of her admission to hospital; the care she received was second to none and continues to be so 2 years on.”

How did you feel when you heard the diagnosis ‘Type 1 Diabetes’?

“I suppose this is where things are a little different for me being a nurse because I didn’t hear the diagnosis or the even the possibility of a diagnosis from somebody else. I had essentially figured it out myself when her symptoms became acute and we had her admitted. I had also prepared my husband, son and family the night before her admission. Initially I was in autopilot; I wanted to get her well. I wanted to know everything: every result including renal function, liver function and every pH test they took in that first 24 hours. I had seen the effects that uncontrolled Diabetes has on a person so I was devastated. It felt like a loss, like I was grieving for the life that she should have had. I was angry. Why my child? If I could have taken the disease for myself I would have, and I still would. But the real and unrelenting heartbreak for me is that I didn’t see it sooner, I should have seen it sooner. I know about Diabetes, I’ve studied it and treated patients with it so why did it take me so long to figure it out? I think that guilt will be with me forever. The first few weeks, post-diagnosis, was all about learning as much as we could on how best to treat Anwen and supporting her with self-care. Those initial acutely raw feelings evolved into more positive feelings of acceptance and determination to own and control this condition together as a family.

anwen_sunglasses
Anwen post-diagnosis

“Anwen is now 28 months post-diagnosis and I must say she is an absolute inspiration. Her condition is well controlled on the whole with an insulin pump. She manages to juggle school, hobbies, school trips and going out with friends together with all the added extras of hypos and hypers, blood testing, carb counting, bolousing etc. She rarely complains or gets fed up and aside from prompting and support from us she is pretty independent with her diabetes care. I still have moments of sadness when I think of how much she has to deal with on a day to day basis, what may be in her future and what challenges she is yet to face but I wouldn’t be a Mother if I didn’t.”

In your opinion, how could improvements be made to the diagnosis process in the future?

“I think that Type 1 Diabetes should be highlighted to parents more at every point of contact very much like Meningitis is currently. I believe that there is a real lack of knowledge in the symptoms of this condition amongst parents. I also think that GPs should be considering the condition when a child presents with so called ‘non-specific symptoms’. At present, in ante-natal clinics, baby clinics, GP surgeries etc. you see lots of posters and pamphlets giving information on various childhood illnesses and I feel that Type 1 Diabetes should be there too. Due to a very successful campaign on Meningitis I think the majority of people know the symptoms and I feel the 4Ts campaign could garner the same results.”

If you could share one piece of advice to other (non T1D) parents around the world, what would it be?

“Trust your instincts. Don’t doubt yourself. You know your child better than anyone so fight for them. Remember the 4Ts of Type 1 Diabetes.”

THIRST   TOILET   TIRED   THINNER

Diabetes, Education, Health, Parenting, T1D

Managing mood changes

Managing mood changes

Today I would like to open the doors on what goes on behind the scenes of a T1D child. What do they feel that we parents cannot see? What do they want to tell us but are too young to possess the vocabulary or verbalise their emotions? These, and many more questions, often race through my mind. Taking on the full time job of a pancreas isn’t just about calculating carbohydrates, night time blood tests or insulin pump therapy; it is equally as important to understand the side effects this disease has on your child’s brain and subsequently, personality.

It all starts with the physiology of diabetes. I will never be able to fully appreciate what our son physically and mentally feels when he experiences a hypo or hyper, I can only describe to you what I have been told. According to the experts: diabetics, when a child is having a hypo they feel weak, dizzy, confused and shaky. This fantastic 3 minute video of four woman describing how they physically feel and mentally react during a hypo is well worth your time.

excuse me while

In the jungle, the mighty jungle

It is quite common for a T1D to suffer from ‘hypo-unawareness‘, particularly in young children who are naturally less aware of their body and how it functions. Hypo-unawareness is physically dangerous, but it is also a mental battle for the patient and for those who care for them. When our son Noah, is feeling these symptoms his insulin pump will give me a warning alarm (caveat: there is a 20 minute, give or take, communication delay between his body and the pump) and I can treat the hypo for its physical effects. There is no medical treatment for the mental effects of a hypo. In our experience, Noah morphs from an adorable kitten to a roaring lion in a nano-second. He goes from “Mummy I love you to the universe and back” to a vein-popping, red faced animal screaming inaudible words that make no sense anyway. Unlike typical child-like tantrums (which he naturally has too, yey! 🙂 these appear as is if from nowhere. Sometimes his behaviour is quicker to burst forth than the pump’s warning alarm and we can tell he is having a hypo simply from his monumental meltdown over inconsequential nothingness. Even though I know his diabetes is just ‘having a conversation with me’, I confess, I sometimes feel embarrassed when we are out in public. There are occasions when I have been in the supermarket or walking down the street and Noah’s diabetes wants to have another ‘chat’ with me. Millions of parents know the look you get from strangers on the street; you know the one, it appears that you cannot control your own child. I get those same looks but sometimes I just want to scream ‘you have no idea what he battles with inside!

The value of a support network

Noah can also become confused during a hypo and he finds it difficult to concentrate. Whilst these are less fiery side-effects they cause me more long-term concern than the tantrum-style behaviour. I know the meltdowns will become easier as he gets older but he has already started school and now I find myself wondering how hypos will affect him in the future. How will Noah cope with T1D together with his education? Will it impact his academic ability? How can we help him now to learn to overcome these issues down the line?

According to this scholarly article we are already using the best possible therapy to support Noah’s mood and behaviour. ‘Continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion’ or insulin pump therapy has been very effective in reducing the frequency of hypos in T1Ds and the results show improved mood and behaviour changes in young children. So is that all that we have at hand to help? My answer to this is: I don’t think so. Whilst it is notoriously difficult to measure neurological impact of T1D and, from what I can gather, is something that experts vary in opinion on, frequently the following cognitive elements are reported to be affected by T1D: intelligence (general ability), attention, processing speed, memory, and executive skills. I am not a scientist and I haven’t done any research into this, I am also only two years in as a T1D carer but my firm belief today is that all of these cognitive domains can also be greatly influenced by the parents, teachers, siblings, social circles, mentors and extended family etc. who surround the child.

And what about hypers? Someone once described to me that a hyper is like having a massive hangover, but without the nausea part. The patient is very thirsty, has severe headaches and lethargy. It isn’t rocket science to realise that these are not attributable feelings to a productive day at school or work. For the last year, Noah experiences an (as yet) unresolved hyper every morning after his breakfast. His glucose levels soar, sometimes triple the amount of a non-T1D and try hard as we might, we haven’t yet fixed this ‘bug’ in his daily routine. Nevertheless, off he marches every morning to school, feeling like he drank himself under the table the night before. For now, I simply admire his strength but I worry about when he becomes a teenager, how will he find the will to keep concentrating on math, or history or grammar when he mentally becomes aware that he has a choice?

And speaking of teenagers, puberty is a notoriously challenging period for many diabetics, but I will leave this topic for another day, another year even. The underlying point here is that T1D presents enormous challenges both physically and mentally. Both require a bachelor degree level of understanding to deliver optimal short and long term care. Both take place behind the scenes and in front of a crowd but T1D is so massively misunderstood by many (including me before my son’s diagnosis) that raising awareness and understanding is a monumental challenge, but one that many can be proud to be passionate about.

#weneedacure

Diabetes, Health, Parenting, T1D

In the dead of the night…

One of the most surprising aspects of taking on the role of a pancreas on behalf of our child has been the silent work that takes place in the dead of the night. This definitely came as a shock to my husband and I. By the time Noah was diagnosed he was 3 years old and sleeping well through the night. Broken nights were certainly becoming a thing of the past. Kasper and I had started to get our energy levels back up and balance was returning to our daily lives. Then overnight, we were thrown back to the days of having a newborn in the house, where you are dragged out of bed every night, sometimes multiple times.

Night-time hypos (low blood sugar) or hypers (high blood sugar) are the bane of every diabetic parents being. It isn’t just the physical side effects of endless sleepless nights, it is also the feeling one gets of being utterly alone in this world full of needles, pumps, insulin, dextrose, carb-counting and hospitals etc. We know we are not alone, we know there are millions of others in the same position, but in those moments when you look at your sleeping child and try to figure out how much correction bolus they need to bring their blood sugar levels down, you feel very lonely.

In our experience, dealing with a night-time hyper is pretty quick. Noah’s pump alarm beeps when his blood sugar levels are starting to get too high. We still use a baby monitor in his bedroom so we can hear when the pump sounds an alarm. One of us, depending on who has the night shift (yes, there are ‘shifts’ and they are absolutely bloody vital), will drag themselves out of bed and go to fix it with a correction bolus. All in all, a hyper usually takes less than 5 minutes to deal with.

black-white-1444737_1920Night-time hypos (or hypoglycemia) on the other hand are an altogether different kettle of fish. Night-time hypos are nothing short of horrific and they take a long time for parents to mentally come to terms with. The idea that my child could slip unnoticed into a deep hypo and never wake up while I am sound asleep, not having a clue as to what is happening is unimaginable, and yet for some it’s a reality. It is very difficult to get a grasp on how many diabetics die of hypoglycemia each year, largely due to the fact that immediately after death the body can still release some glucose. However, in 2011 the JDRF (Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation) produced an advert stating that 1 in 20 diabetics will die of low blood sugar. This figure was based on studies by P.E. Cryer, T. Deckert and W.M.G. Turnbridge. Obviously there are many different factors that come into play here and I will touch upon a couple of these. Firstly, the chances of this happening in countries where diabetes treatment and care are at the top of their game (Sweden, The Netherlands, UK, US etc.) are SIGNIFICANTLY reduced and are rare as a result. Secondly, the latest insulin pumps – sometimes referred to (annoyingly) as an artificial pancreas (they aren’t…yet) – have warning alarms when hypos are likely to occur.

woman-bed-scared-canstockphoto22617451Nevertheless, immediately following Noah’s diagnosis (and prior to him wearing an insulin pump) both my husband and I suffered many nightmares on this issue. Sometimes we would suddenly sit bolt upright in bed and frighten the hell out of each other with our night terrors. It took months for us to get our heads around this and learn to cope with the fear of losing our son in his sleep. Nowadays, we put all our trust in the technology, the little insulin pump that he wears round his waist day and night. We have to trust it to do its job and alert us when Noah is heading towards the danger zone. And thank God we have access to this incredible technology, because without it we would be treating him ‘blind’ and sleeping with one eye open every night.

Even when a child wears an insulin pump there are plenty of down sides to night-time hypos in young children, here are my personal top 3:

  1. Young children’s bodies are constantly changing and growing. These changes have an effect on the levels of insulin a child needs. Every day is a new puzzle of trial and error for us. Some days that means we are up 4-6 times a night dealing with night-time hypos.
  2. Have you ever tried to wake up your child in the middle of the night and make him eat a dextrose tablet? Or (if the hypo is really severe) follow it up with a brown bread sandwich? It takes AGES to wake them up and AGES to convince them to eat that lovely brown bread sandwich. When this happens – it absolutely, totally and utterly sucks. For all of us.
  3. Even after treating a hypo and even when you know your child has the latest in insulin pump technology, you still have to find a way to go back to sleep because you need your strength to cope with diabetes tomorrow (and work, rest of family, daily life etc.). You need to put your worries aside and get some shut eye.

#weneedacure